In the Unit 5, Session 2 of The Gospel Project for Kids, kids will hear the story “Moses Confronted Pharaoh” from Exodus 5:1–6:13; 6:28–11:1. The family of Jacob had been fruitful in Egypt, and the family grew so large that the king of Egypt felt threatened. The king oppressed the Israelites, forcing them into slavery. The Book of Exodus opens with God raising up Moses, a man called to deliver God’s people from slavery. God gave Moses a huge task: “Therefore, go. I am sending you to Pharaoh so that you may lead My people, the Israelites, out of Egypt” (Exodus 3:10).
So Moses went. He and his brother Aaron went to Pharaoh and said, “This is what Yahweh, the God of Israel, says: Let My people go” (Exodus 5:1).
But Pharaoh responded, “Who is Yahweh that I should obey Him by letting Israel go? I do not know anything about Yahweh, and besides, I will not let Israel go” (Exodus 5:1-2).
The events that followed were not only the working out of God’s plan to deliver His people from slavery in Egypt, they were the answer to Pharaoh’s question. Who is Yahweh?
In delivering the Israelites from slavery in Egypt, God showed them that He is the one true God.
I will take you as My people, and I will be your God. You will know that I am Yahweh your God, who delivered you from the forced labor of the Egyptians.
(Exodus 6:7, emphasis added)
By judging the people of Egypt through a series of plagues, God showed them that He is the one true God.
Pharaoh will not listen to you, but I will put My hand on Egypt and bring the divisions of My people the Israelites out of the land of Egypt by great acts of judgment. The Egyptians will know that I am Yahweh when I stretch out My hand against Egypt, and bring out the Israelites from among them.
(Exodus 7:4-5, emphasis added)
By protecting the Israelites from the plagues in Egypt, God showed Pharaoh that He is the one true God.
The Lord said to Moses, “Get up early in the morning and present yourself to Pharaoh when you see him going out to the water. Tell him: This is what Yahweh says: Let My people go, so that they may worship Me. But if you will not let My people go, then I will send swarms of flies against you, your officials, your people, and your houses. The Egyptians’ houses will swarm with flies, and so will the land where they live. But on that day I will give special treatment to the land of Goshen, where My people are living; no flies will be there. This way you will know that I, Yahweh, am in the land.”
(Exodus 8:20-22, emphasis added)
As you teach kids this week or review the story with your own kids at home, use the Big Picture Question and Answer to emphasize what God did. What did God show the Egyptians and the Israelites? God showed that He is the one true God.
God’s judgment through the plagues brought about salvation for His people—rescue from slavery. God used Moses as part of His plan, as a servant. Moses obeyed God, and his obedience points forward to Jesus, who is greater than Moses. (Hebrews 3:3)
God was working out a second rescue, a greater rescue, to save His people from a different type of slavery. God sent Jesus to deliver us from slavery to sin. And Jesus obeyed God. He paid for our sin by dying on the cross, and God raised Him from the dead. And we know that He is the one true God.